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The United States Government has created subsidies in order to encourage ethanol production. These subsidies (equaling $8.9 billion in 2005) are causing a shift in crop production from soy to corn. corn production has risen 19 percent while soy production has fallen by 15 percent. This decrease in soy production has in turn created a major increase in global soy prices. The economic incentives for soy production has had a large negative impact on Amazonian forests and savanna-woodlands, where deforestation rates and fire incidence have increased significantly.